Minimum Wage in Belgium – Frequently Asked Questions
Is there a separate legislation relating to minimum wages in Belgium?
There is no separate legislation relating to Minimum Wages in Belgium. Minimum Wages are determined by the National Labour Council, and laid down in collective agreements which are binding.
Do one or more minimum wages exist that is/are determined by law?
There is, practically speaking, one minimum wage in Belgium, increasing per year till the age of 22 from which age onwards one rate only is applicable for all.
At what level are minimum wages determined at?
Minimum Wages are determined at the level of collective agreements.
On what basis is minimum wage calculated?
Minimum wages are calculated on hourly and monthly basis.
In case of weekly/monthly minimum age, are they based on any fixed number of hours?
Working week is 38 hours, with a maximum of 9 hours per day and 45 hours per week. Exceptions up to 11 hours per day and 50 hours per week are possible, but subject to strict regulation and mutual consent.
Are governmental bodies, employer and/or trade union representatives involved in minimum wages setting?
National Labour Council, employer organisation and trade unions are involved in setting minimum wages.
How are upratings (adjustments) of minimum wage/s decided upon?
Upratings in minimum wages is decided up through consultations at the national level in the National Labour Council.
Which are the components of minimum wage in Belgium?
There are age brackets up to 22 years.
How frequently is the fixed component of minimum wage updated?
Fixed component of minimum wages is updated every year.
What is/are the yardstick/s on which minimum wage upratings are based?
Minimum Wage upratings are based on consumer price indexation.
What is National Poverty line?
How is minimum wages compliance regulated?
Minimum wage compliance is regulated by Federal Department of Employment, Labour and Consultations.
Which legal sanctions can be applied in compliance is lacking?
There is no punishment in case of non compliance.
Are sanctions often being applied?
Sanctions are not often applied.
To whom/Where can individuals complain, if they think they are earning less than minimum wage?
In case of non compliance individuals can complain to labour inspectorate.
Which month of the year is minimum wage rate revised in Belgium?
No fixed date